Gastroenteritis, commonly referred to as stomach flu, is an infection that causes the inner lining of the intestines to get inflamed. It initially starts with a fever accompanied by chills and nausea and later transitions into severe stomach pain with frequent diarrhoea. Unfortunately, it has no cure; one can only use remedies to alleviate the symptoms while the flu runs its full course.

What causes stomach flu?

The main risk factor for contracting viral gastroenteritis is consuming tainted food or water. If one shares towels, food, or utensils with someone with one of the viruses that cause gastroenteritis, they may also be more prone to contract the virus.

Numerous viruses can cause gastroenteritis, such as

Noroviruses: Noroviruses are the most common cause of foodborne illness worldwide, affecting both children and adults. Norovirus infection can spread quickly through communities and families. People in small settings are especially susceptible to contracting it there.

We know that the virus mostly spreads due to contaminated food and water consumption. However, it can also spread among those who share food or are in close proximity to the infected individual. In addition, one can potentially contract the virus by droplets during a sneeze or by coming in contact with a norovirus-contaminated surface.

Rotavirus: Most cases of viral gastroenteritis in children are caused by this virus, usually because children have the habit of putting fingers or toys in their mouth, which might have traces of the virus. Additionally, contaminated food can also transmit the disease. Infants and small children are most severely affected by the virus.

Adults with rotavirus infection may not exhibit any symptoms, yet they are nonetheless contagious. This is especially concerning in institutional settings like nursing homes since infected persons may unintentionally infect others. However, in some nations, notably the United States, a vaccine against viral gastroenteritis is accessible and looks to be successful in preventing the infection.

One can get sick by eating some shellfish, particularly raw or undercooked oysters. However, the virus is frequently spread when the food becomes contaminated due to the touch of an infected individual.

What are the symptoms of stomach flu?

Although gastroenteritis is frequently referred to as “the stomach flu,” it is not the same as influenza. Only the respiratory system, including the nose, throat, and lungs, is impacted by the flu (influenza). On the other hand, gastroenteritis affects the intestines and results in symptoms like:

– Bloody diarrhea (typically indicates the presence of a separate, more serious ailment)

– Vomiting, nausea, or both

– Stomach aches and cramps

– Occasional headaches or muscular aches

– A minor fever

Depending on the virus’s type, the symptoms of viral gastroenteritis can be moderate to severe and appear one to three days after infection. The symptoms usually last for a day or two. However, in rare conditions, they can last up to two weeks.

Methods of diagnosis

From the symptoms, healthcare professionals can frequently diagnose stomach flu. However, the doctor might order several tests to rule out other illnesses:

Stool Samples: They are used in tests to check for bacteria, viruses, or parasites.

Sigmoidoscopy: To check for symptoms of inflammatory bowel disease, a clinician inserts a small, flexible tube with a camera from the anus into the lower large intestine. The sigmoidoscopy takes 15 minutes and is typically performed without sedation.

Methods of treatments

The two most crucial things one can do to recover more quickly are to get plenty of rest and drink plenty of water. The body loses a lot of water and electrolytes due to vomiting and diarrhea. Hence, one should take tiny, frequent sips of water, sports drinks, juice, or broth if the stomach discomfort persists or chew on ice chips. In severe episodes of diarrhea, water alone may not be sufficient to keep one hydrated, so be careful to consume electrolyte-balanced fluids (sports drinks, Gatorade, Pedialyte, etc.) as well. Then, when one starts to feel hungry again, one can resume eating a regular diet.

Typically, the stomach flu lasts a little more than a week. If one gets symptoms, one should stay home and continue washing their hands properly. Be cautious when using the restroom because the virus can remain in the feces for up to two weeks after one’s symptoms have subsided. After using the restroom, wash hands and any stained clothing in hot, soapy water.

Methods of prevention

– Regular Handwash: Any object that comes into contact with faeces gets contaminated with the virus. Effective handwashing is essential for halting the spread. Viruses on one’s hands can readily infect individuals, food items, or areas they touch. After using the restroom, changing a baby, touching bathroom surfaces, and handling food, it’s crucial to wash the hands thoroughly.

– Sanitize surrounding areas: One should make sure to properly clean every space that they have touched while they were infected as the virus may infect anyone else in contact with the same objects

– Eat and handle food cautiously: Ensure the kitchen is properly disinfected, especially after handling raw meat. Avoiding raw and uncooked food items. Consume only pasteurized dairy products along with fruit juices like apple juice.

What can one do now?

Rest well and consume large amounts of liquids until the symptoms subside. Sports drinks and other beverages with salt and sugar help one’s intestine absorb fluids more effectively and replenish lost electrolytes. It might also be beneficial to consume salty crackers, ginger ale, or another sweet beverage. For one or two days, avoid dairy products like cow’s milk because milk can exacerbate diarrhea owing to transitory lactose intolerance that sometimes accompanies gastroenteritis.

The doctor might suggest an over-the-counter drug like bismuth subsalicylate (Pepto-Bismol® or Kaopectate®) to treat severe diarrhea. If one has a high fever or bloody diarrhea, which can indicate a more serious bacterial or parasitic infection, they shouldn’t use these medications. The use of antidiarrheal drugs by youngsters is not advised. Visit the healthcare provider for treatment instead.

 

At some point, nearly everyone contracts the stomach illness. Although it is unpleasant, it normally goes away in less than a week. However, before returning to one’s regular activities, give the body some time to rest and heal. Fortunately, there are things one may take to reduce their chances of spreading it or catching it up again in the future.

Acid reflux is the condition where the acid in the stomach makes its way back to the esophagus, which causes severe irritation and a burning sensation in the chest. Many home remedies available can help during acid reflux; the most popular of them is acid cider vinegar. Here, in this blog, we will help you understand how and why it works and if you should consider it when you have acid reflux.

What is acid reflux

When the ring-like muscle in the esophagus, which acts as a valve separating the esophagus and stomach, and closes as soon as the food passes through it, fails to close properly,

the acid produced by the stomach may rise into the esophagus. This may result in symptoms like heartburn, i.e., a burning chest ache. In addition, one might have gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), commonly known as acid reflux disease, if the symptoms occur more frequently than twice a week.

Apple cider vinegar and science

One may find many reviews promoting apple cider vinegar as a treatment for acid reflex. People who support the consumption of acid cider vinegar claim that the acidity of the tonic and the beneficial bacteria it contains improve digestion and lessen reflux.

One of the theories that people promote is when the amount of acid in the stomach drops due to the consumption of proton pump inhibitors, the person suffers from acid reflux.

Apple cider vinegar has the ability to raise acid levels in the stomach and hence help those people. However, the point to be noted here is the direct correlation between the consumption of apple cider vinegar and relieving acid reflux is yet to be proved by science.

Are there any risks of consuming apple cider vinegar for acid reflux?

Although the consumption of apple cider vinegar may not have any long-term side effects, due to this fact, many people regularly take it for blood sugar control, weight loss, and other reasons. However, there is little proof to back up its long-term security. In addition, since apple cider vinegar is naturally acidic, it may worsen conditions for those who suffer regular heartburn and those who have erosive esophageal stomatitis.

If one wants to test the efficiency of apple cider vinegar for the treatment of acid reflux, one can consume a diluted solution of 1 tablespoon of vinegar in a glass of water before and after meals. However, it should be noted that it’s not recommended to consume apple cider vinegar for serious cases of acid reflux.

Side effects of apple cider vinegar

Apple cider vinegar may damage dental enamel and increase the likelihood of heartburn. Always dilute the vinegar and consume it with a meal to protect the teeth. Apple cider vinegar tonics should be followed with mouthwash or the use of a straw.

Drugs like insulin and diuretics may interact with apple cider vinegar. Therefore, before frequently consuming apple cider vinegar, patients who take any prescription drugs or dietary supplements should speak with their doctor.

Remedies for acid reflux

Most acid reflux cases can be treated with over-the-counter medicine and minor lifestyle changes. Hence one can go for antacids to relieve acidity in the stomach.

Here are some of the lifestyle changes that one can incorporate in their daily life to help in relieving the occurrence of acid reflux

– Break your meals down into smaller chunks. Rather than having one large meal, have 2-3 small ones.

– Avoid spicy food and beverages that trigger reflux

– Quit smoking

– Do some activity after eating and never lie down after eating

As per a survey, every one in five people have chronic constipation. Owning to the misinterpretation of the term, it is widely believed that constipation is “Just having fewer bowel moments,” but it is more than that. Although almost everyone occasionally experiences constipation, long-term or chronic constipation can interfere with a person’s daily life and reduce their productivity levels. Here in this blog, we have compiled everything you need to know about constipation and how to cure it!

What is constipation?

Constipation generally is the condition where the frequency of bowel moments per week drops to less than 3. Although, the key point to notice is the change in the pattern of bowel movements. The frequency of bowel movements is less for some individuals and more for others. Hence, they are good to go as long as the frequency is not disturbed.

Whatever the bowel habits, one thing is certain: the longer one has to wait for the next bowel moment, the harder it is for faeces or waste to pass. The key symptoms of constipation also include:

– The faeces are firm and dry.

– The bowel movement hurts, and passing stools is challenging.

– Having an underlying bloated feeling even after emptying the bowels.

What causes constipation?

The colon’s primary function is to absorb water from leftover food as it moves through the digestive system. The result is a stool (waste). Eventually, the muscles in the colon push the waste through the rectum to be expelled. The stool can become hard and challenging to pass if it stays in the colon for an excessively long time.

Constipation is frequently brought on by poor eating. Therefore, dietary fiber and sufficient water consumption are essential to keep stools soft. Foods high in fiber are typically made from plants. Fibers are categorized into two types, soluble and insoluble. As it travels through the digestive system, the soluble fiber becomes a soft, gel-like substance that can dissolve in water.

Most of the structure of the insoluble fiber is maintained while it passes through the digestive system. Both types of fiber combine with stool to make it heavier and softer overall. As a result, passing through the rectum is much simpler. Constipation can also result from disorders that prevent one from feeling the urge to urinate or slow down colonic muscle contractions.

Constipation is frequently brought on by:

– Consuming diets poor in fiber, especially those heavy in dairy products or cheese

– Being dehydrated

– Low amounts of physical activity

– Postponing the urge to pass bowels

– Certain medications

– Hormonal changes during and after pregnancy

What are the symptoms of constipation?

The key symptoms of constipation include the following:-

– Passing bowels less than three times each week.

– Stools are lumpy, dry, and firm.

– It hurts or is difficult to pass stools.

– Experience cramps or a stomachache.

– Nausea and bloating.

– Feeling like bowels are not clear despite passing the bowels

Methods of diagnosis

It could be time to consult a doctor if constipation doesn’t go away or if one’s worried about their symptoms.

Generally, the healthcare provider

– Will inquire about the symptoms, medical background, and any current drugs or underlying problems.

– May do a physical examination, which may include a rectal examination.

– One may also have some blood tests done to help gauge the thyroid function, electrolytes, and blood count.

To find the source of the symptoms, they could suggest more tests that may include the following:-

Colorectal transit study: Also referred to as marker study, involves swallowing a pill containing tiny markers visible in X-ray scans. Successive X-ray scans are taken over a few days to check intestinal muscles’ functioning and food movement.

Anorectal manometry: An assessment of the function of the anal sphincter muscle is done using an anorectal manometry test. A medical practitioner will put a small tube with a balloon tip into the anus to do this test. They will blow up the balloon and carefully pull it out after the tube is inside. They can assess the anal sphincter’s muscular strength and check the effectiveness of one’s muscle contractions using this test.

Colonoscopy: Another test that medical practitioners perform to check the colon is a colonoscopy. A medical practitioner will use a colonoscope to inspect the colon during this test. This tube has a light source and a camera on it. One will likely forget the examination and shouldn’t experience any pain because sedatives and painkillers are frequently administered. One will follow a liquid-only diet for one to three days before the test. Then, the night before the test, they might need to use an enema or laxative to empty their bowels.

Methods of treatment

The good news is that one can control mild constipation by making a few easy lifestyle modifications. Prevention advice comprises:

– Increasing intake of fiber: Foods high in fiber, such as whole grains, fruits, and vegetables, all contribute to enhancing gut health. However, if one has gastrointestinal sensitivity, avoid high-fructose fruits that can induce gas, such as apples, pears, and melons.

– Increasing physical activity: Exercising regularly can maintain colon healthy.

– Increase water intake by eight glasses daily, and stay away from coffee since it will cause one to dehydrate.

– Don’t ignore the urge to pass bowels

Conclusion

Constipation is a typical issue that people have as they age when taking certain drugs or if they consume insufficient amounts of fiber. Most constipation instances are minor and quickly resolved with dietary and activity modifications. One must consult a medical professional if they have persistent constipation or constipation coupled with other gastrointestinal disturbances.

The season of winter is here with its own excitement and sets of challenges. Since the human body has a difficult time adjusting to temperature changes in the surroundings, the majority of us get sick when the weather changes. We run the danger of contracting illnesses like a cough, cold, or flu on scorching summer days and piercingly cold winter nights. Only a robust immune system can keep one healthy all year long and protect one from these seasonal illnesses. Hence, we have curated this blog to make you fully equipped to keep the top 10 most common winter illnesses at bay and enjoy this winter to the fullest.

Common cold

Anyone can get the common cold at any time of the year. The winter season is when it is most pronounced or persistent. Over a billion people worldwide experience severe difficulties due to a common cold each year. It is a self-limiting infectious illness that can be brought on by numerous viral strains. A cold causes one to have a runny or congested nose, feel generally exhausted, have body aches, and sneeze frequently. The easiest approach to avoid getting the common cold is to either follow the remedies listed below or seek medical attention if needed.

Preventions

– Drink plenty of water

– Saltwater gargling

– Consume honey and ginger

– Use humidifiers

Pneumonia

Pneumonia is one of the serious illnesses that people are most susceptible to throughout the fall and winter. It is a lung infection brought on by bacteria, viruses, or fungi. Physicians advise against ignoring or underestimating the symptoms of pneumonia since, if the infection is not treated right away, it may seriously impair the performance of the brain, lungs, and several other organs that are connected to them. One can improve their condition by taking the following actions.

Preventions

– Consume basil leaves

– Stay amply hydrated

– Consume ginger tea

– Take carrot and spinach juice

Bronchiolitis

Bronchiolitis, a viral infection that affects the lungs’ airways, primarily affects infants but can also strike adults. While it first resembles a cold pretty closely, the condition eventually results in breathing difficulties. Seeking urgent medical attention can help stop the illness from becoming fatal. Some typical symptoms of bronchitis involve the following

– Weakness

– Nausea

– Coughing and wheezing

– Increased breathing rate

Flu

While not a dangerous illness like the common cold, the flu should still be taken seriously. A virus known as “influenza” is what causes the flu, a widespread respiratory infection, whose symptoms can range from mild to severe. Similar to a cold, the flu can cause body pains, sore throats, fevers, headaches, and other symptoms that can ruin the season.

Preventions

– Maintain hygiene by regularly washing hands to avoid spreading bacteria and viruses like the flu.

– When coughing or sneezing, keep the mouth covered with hands.

– Keep distance if someone is congested.

– To bolster immunity, engage in everyday exercise.

Strep throat

Having a sore throat in itself is a lot of trouble. Strep throat, however, is terrible! A sore throat with a fever brought on by an infection is known as strep throat. It affects youngsters frequently and is brought on by a bacterial infection. Strep throat symptoms include pain and difficulty in swallowing food or liquids, a headache, swollen lymph nodes, a fever, etc.

Preventions

– Stay well rested

– Be well hydrated

– Consume warm beverages

– Consume Vitamin-C

Bronchitis

Bronchitis affects children under the age of two, the most. RSV, also known as the respiratory syncytial virus, is the cause of bronchitis, a respiratory infection. The most typical symptom individual suffering from bronchitis experiences is difficulty in breathing which is caused by inflamed airways in the lungs. Patients who have bronchitis also exhibit slight fever, nasal obstruction, wheezing, and coughing.

Preventions

– Stay well rested

– Be well hydrated

– Consume warm beverages

– Consume Vitamin-C

Norovirus

Food and beverages can spread viruses that are very infectious. If one experiences diarrhea that doesn’t go away within a couple of days, one ought to see a doctor. An individual with this virus feels healthy for just one or two days before being ill. Headache, exhaustion, fever, and chills are a few key symptoms. Typically, antibiotics are advised to treat bacterial infections and provide relief. These are some fundamental guidelines for avoiding norovirus:-

Preventions

– Be well hydrated.

– Consume a cup of hot fennel herb.

– Consume ginger to aid in vomiting and nausea

– Eat a balanced diet.

Raynaud’s Syndrome

This disorder, often referred to as Raynaud’s phenomenon causes a restriction in the blood flow to the fingers, toes, nose, and ears. When the blood arteries in these places tighten, this often occurs. Studying Raynaud’s Syndrome’s typical symptoms, such as skin color changes, stinging discomfort, and stress is the best approach to determine if one has it. It is very essential that they take these symptoms seriously and that they consult a doctor straight away. There are many actions one can take to get better which include the following

Preventions

– Consume citrus fruits

– Exercise to improve the blood flow

– Consume ginger

– Keep the body warm

– Do meditation to relax the body and mind

Joint Pain

One’s not alone if their joints begin to hurt the moment the weather turns chilly. The Arthritis Foundation states that variations in barometric pressure can make symptoms worse, which is precisely what happens as a cold front approaches. To help relieve the joint pain, one can undertake the following steps

– Using a heating pad

– Getting plenty of exercises

– Soaking in a bubble bath

Heart attacks

People who have cardiac issues need to take care of themselves, especially in the winter. This is due to the fact that changing seasons are accompanied by a number of respiratory issues, which, either directly or indirectly, raise the risk of developing a cardiac ailment or disease. The drop in overall temperature of the surround causes the blood vessels to constrict hence reducing the blood flow to the heart hence it becomes vital to maintain the body temperature.

Preventions

– Limiting the intake of salt

– Bathing in hot water

– Quitting alcohol consumption

– Getting periodic checkups

Conclusion

Enjoy the year by adopting healthy habits this autumn and winter. Avoid contracting any of these illnesses. And if you do, consult your doctor right away for advice. You can enjoy a healthy and safe life if you receive treatment in a timely manner.

It’s October already, and also the time of year when basking in the sunlight becomes the most liberating thing to do. However, besides the festivities and the fun of winter, there is also a fair share of health challenges to tackle. Hence, to make sure you enjoy and live to the fullest, we have brought you this blog containing the most important measures you should take to hit the cold right at its face!

Do regular exercise

While staying in the cosy warm blanket feels like a much more tempting option, one needs to make sure that one gets ample muscle movement to avoid complications like loss of range of motion in joints and a drop in stamina levels. Exercising in the cold can be especially rewarding as it greatly reduces anxiety levels which intern helps you improve the quality of your sleep and the more well-rested the body is the better your quality of life. No need to go outside to exercise as there are plenty of indoor exercises that are sufficient in keeping your overall system healthy. If regular exercise sessions are boring, one can also go for dance cardio sessions or group yoga at home.

Get an ample amount of sleep

With the days getting shorter and nights getting longer, the normal biological clock is disturbed which can lead to irregular sleep patterns. Hence, one should make sure to fix the time of sleep to avoid reducing the overall quality of sleep.

Stay hydrated

It’s normal for a person to feel less thirsty during winter as the amount of water lost from the body decreases significantly, however, one should make sure to drink at least 3 Litres of water every day as it helps in flushing out the toxins from the body, prevents kidney stones, aids in bowel movements and keeps your mood bright throughout the day.

Consume dry fruits

Dry fruits are your best friends in winter, with the drop in temperature of the surrounding, it becomes essential to make sure the body’s temperature is maintained. Dry fruits are not only super rich in nutrients but they also aid in keeping winter illnesses at bay by maintaining the body temperature at a normal level.

Take care of your skin

Basking in the sun during the winter season sure has its fair share of benefits, however, one should make sure to protect their skin at the same time by using sunscreens to prevent the harmful effects of the sun. Having dry cracked skin is very common in winter hence it becomes a must to use proper moisturizers to make sure the skin is always kept in its best state.

Practise mindfulness

The gloomy skies of the winter and long nights might induce the feeling of monotony in an individual hence one should make sure to take special care of their mental health and notice any change in mood patterns. One should contact a specialist if they find themselves losing vigor and having a continuous feeling of being depressed. One can help aid the monotony by talking to their loved ones or picking up a hobby like reading or playing a musical instrument.

Add essential oils to your life

The key to completing the winter wellness plan is incorporating essential oils into the daily routine. Essential oils are a natural remedy that can improve one’s sleep quality, increase your energy and immunity, and even improve the health of the skin. They also enable one to maintain their overall health, both mentally and physically. Being sleepy? Choose ravintsara. Do you require sinus relief? Look to rosewood, ravintsara, and bitter orange leaf just to name a few.

Have a cup of tea

Ancient Chinese people drank tea, and in recent years, its health advantages have come under the spotlight. There are many plant compounds in black and green tea, some of which are flavonoids and have antioxidant properties. According to studies, people who regularly consume tea have healthier blood vessels and a lower risk of developing heart disease. It can be challenging to attribute the benefit to tea consumption alone because many people who drink tea also engage in other beneficial behaviors, such as increasing their vegetable intake and increasing their physical activity. But why not commit to doing all of these good things in winter, such as eating more veggies, making time for tea, and taking daily walks?

Consume seasonal fruits and Vegetables

Mandarins, oranges, grapefruit, and kiwifruit are among the delectable wintertime fruits that are in season. If you haven’t already, try including fruit in your morning meal. You should also increase the number of veggies at each main meal. Winter vegetables like broccoli, carrots, and cauliflower are excellent, especially for soups.

Even while fresh food is preferable, don’t be hesitant to stock your freezer with inexpensive and simple additions to any meal.

Be on the move

Be on the lookout for the weather, if it isn’t pouring, head outside and do some physical activity. You’ll warm up as soon as you start exercising. Look for opportunities to exercise while you’re out and about by walking or cycling to the nearby stores rather than taking the car. Instead of using an escalator, go for the stairs. One can also go on a brisk walk session with their friends and have quality time together.

Conclusion

The above tips are carefully tailored to help you enjoy this winter to the fullest while keeping the diseases at bay and we hope that you’ll integrate these habits into your lifestyle and reap their benefits.

The average person’s body temperature is 98.6°F (37°C). When the temperature of the body rises above 37°C, it is regarded as Fever. Fevers are frequently an indication that the body is battling a bacterial or viral infection. Any fever that is brought on by an underlying viral infection is considered a viral fever.

Humans are susceptible to a wide range of viral illnesses, including the flu and the common cold. Fever is a very common symptom of viral fever. However, some viral illnesses, including dengue fever, can raise fever levels to the point where normalizing the temperature of the body becomes a medical emergency.

What causes viral fever?

The average body temperature is a function of the balance between heat production and heat loss. The hypothalamus, a part of the brain also known as your body’s “thermostat,” regulates this homeostasis. Your body temperature swings a little bit during the day even if you’re healthy. In the morning, it may be lower, and in the late afternoon and evening, it may be higher.

Hypothalamus has the ability to increase the body temperature through a complex procedure that increases the temperature and reduces the loss of heat from the body. You may experience shivering, which is one way the body generates heat. You are assisting your body in retaining heat when you wrap up in a blanket because you are feeling cold.

Viral infection is what causes a viral fever. Viruses are incredibly tiny infectious organisms. They invade the body’s cells and proliferate there. To ward off the virus, the body’s defense mechanism raises the temperature. As many viruses are sensitive to temperature changes, a sharp rise in body temperature reduces the chances of one getting infected with the virus.

Here are the most common mechanisms of viral infection:

– Inhalation: You can inhale virus droplets if someone nearby sneezes or coughs when they have a viral illness. The flu and the common cold are two examples of viral illnesses acquired by inhalation.

– Ingestion: Viral contamination can occur in both food and beverages. You might get sick if you consume them. Norovirus and enteroviruses are two instances of viral infections acquired by eating.

– Bites: Viruses can be carried by animals and insects. If they bite you, an infection might result. Dengue fever and rabies are examples of viral illnesses brought on by bites.

– body liquids: When body fluids are exchanged with someone who has a viral infection, the disease can spread. Hepatitis B and HIV are two examples of this particular viral illness.

What are the symptoms of viral fever?

Depending on the underlying infection, the fever can raise the body temperature from 99°F to even above 103°F (39°C).

Here are some of the most common symptoms one can experience if they get infected 

– Body chills

– perspiration

– Dehydration

– headache

– Aches and pains in the muscles,

– Fatigue

– Nausea

– Lack of appetite

Most of the time, these symptoms only last a few days.

Methods of treatment

Viral fevers often don’t need any special medical attention. Antibiotics are of no use against viral infection and hence, instead of fighting the viruses, the goal of treatment is often to reduce your symptoms. Typical forms of therapy include:

Reducing fever and its symptoms by taking over-the-counter painkillers such as acetaminophen or ibuprofen, resting as much as possible, and consuming enough liquids to remain hydrated and replace fluids lost via perspiration using antiviral drugs, such as Tamiflu (oseltamivir phosphate), when necessary, and lowering your body temperature by taking a lukewarm bath.

Method of prevention

– Wash your hands often, and encourage your kids to do the same, especially before eating, just after using the restroom, after being around a lot of people or ill people, right after touching animals, and while using public transportation.

– Show your kids the proper way to wash their hands: using soap on the front and back of each hand, then properly rinsing under running water.

– Use hand sanitizer in case soap and water is unavailable

– Avoid touching your lips, nose, or eyes since these are the major entry points for germs and viruses that can infect you.

– Avoid sharing utensils like water bottles and cups

The season of monsoon is here, and so is the time of the year when diseases are at their peak. Hence, it becomes very vital to take necessary precautions to protect ourselves and our loved ones. Here are the top 7 most prominent monsoon diseases that you need to be aware of and cautious about along with the methods of how to prevent them but first, let us understand why so many diseases spread during monsoon.

Why do people fall Ill during the monsoon?

Clogged water from rain and an increase in moisture content in the atmosphere serves as the perfect breeding ground for germs. Also, the temperature fluctuation brought about by this season takes a toll on the immune system and hence people fall sick, especially the ones who already have poor immunity. 

What are the most prominent diseases during monsoon?

Since there is water clogged everywhere you can lay your eyes, it provides a perfect breeding ground for mosquitoes. Also, the moisture-filled air promotes the growth of bacteria hence, the increase in infections. Here are the top, most prominent monsoon diseases and how to protect your loved ones from them.

Dengue

It is a viral infection spread by the Aedes aegypti species of mosquito. Dengue ranks among the most prevalent illnesses during the monsoon season because it is brought on by the buildup of water surrounding habitations like homes and workplaces.

The main factor contributing to the spread of dengue in some social groups is poor cleanliness. Medical researchers from all over the world have not yet developed a vaccine to lessen the impact of dengue. However, there are steps you may do to guard against mosquito bites. It is a viral infection spread by the Aedes aegypti species of mosquito. Because it is brought on by the buildup of water resulting in an increase in the population of mosquitoes, Dengue is among the most prevalent illnesses during the monsoon season.

Symptoms of Dengue

Here are the most common symptoms of dengue

– High Fever

– Muscle aches

– Fatigue and Nausea

– Bleeding of gums and nose

Precautions

– Take the help of mosquito repellants

– Remove all stagnant water in and around your house

– Wear full sleeves while outside

Best Food Items To Prevent Dengue

– Milk Products

– Coconut

– Carrots

– Eggs

– Carrots

Typhoid

If there is a seasonal illness that is particularly prevalent in Southeast Asian and African nations, it would be typhoid. This illness, which is brought on by contaminated water, is one of the most prevalent during the monsoon season. Another significant factor that leads to typhoid is the storage and preparation of food in unsanitary settings.

This waterborne illness is brought on by the S Typhi bacteria, which also caused and spread Typhoid fever. The fever can affect anyone, regardless of gender. After dusk, its severe effects could be seen, and they substantially lessened in the morning after receiving appropriate medical care. But some foods can help you boost your resistance to typhoid.

Symptoms of Typhoid

– Loss of appetite

– Abdominal pain

– Rashes

– Upset stomach

– Headache

Precautions

– Wash fruits and vegetables before eating

– Don’t consume raw food

– Avoid food that is spicy

– Stay away from garlic, onions and food items that are rich in carbohydrates

Food items to prevent Typhoid

– Banana

– Yoghurt and other dairy products

– Fresh Fruits

Cholera

What if we told you that rain and cholera are closely related and have anything to do with rain? Rain and cholera go hand in hand. The disease cholera is typically spread by water and is brought on by both diarrhoea and dehydration.

The monsoon season is when cholera is most likely to emerge, according to reliable studies by medical experts. People take both food and water without hesitation or extra consideration during times of rainfall when contamination is at its highest. However, it is not the main factor in the transmission of cholera.

Symptoms of cholera

– Higher heart rate

– Hypotension

– Extreme thirst

– Mood swings

– The faeces has a fishy odour.

Precautions

– Place your waste in the toilet, not outside.

– Consume clean, properly prepared meals.

– Wash your hands frequently.

– Boil the vegetables before cooking them

Food items to prevent cholera

– Include lemon juice in your morning meals.

– Try the guava root and bark cure.

– Syrup of leaves and peach blossoms.

– Consume some onion and black pepper to help you relax.

Malaria

Malaria is a mosquito-borne disease that, like dengue, is brought on by water blockage in the local environment. Mosquitoes breed in the standing water that collects around the property. Anopheles nymphs The malaria virus is spread by mosquitoes to humans.

Given that there is no malaria vaccine, the most you can do is take simple precautions. If you catch it early enough, the condition is completely curable.

Symptoms of Malaria

– Muscle pain

– Body shivers

– Headache

– Upset stomach

– Sore throat along with feeling breathless

Precautions

– Apply insect repellent frequently.

– If at all possible, cover your bed with a mosquito net while sleeping.

– Wear full sleeves.

– Utilize mosquito control services to screen your windows and doors.

– Avoid visiting locations where malaria outbreaks are prevalent.

Food items to curb malaria

– Consume cinnamon together with black pepper and honey.

– Savour the anti-inflammatory and anti-microbial foods.

– Take vitamin C from orange juice twice or three times daily to strengthen your immunity.

Viral Fever

Viral fever is mostly brought on by an underlying viral infection. Numerous viral illnesses, including the flu and the common cold, can afflict people. Viral fever, on the other hand, is a typical condition that can strike at any time of the year. However, the monsoon season, in particular, raises a person’s risk of contracting a viral fever.

The viral fever viruses are airborne and infect people when the weather changes dramatically during the monsoon. People who often sneeze or have other ailments like a sore throat should see a licenced physician. Viral fever can be the cause.

Symptoms of viral fever

– Body chills

– Excessive perspiration

– Dehydration

– Headache

– Muscle aches

– Fatigue

– Sore throat

– Abdomen and chest pain

Precautions

– Rest as much as you can without worrying about yourself.

– Make honey and lime juice to consume.

– Taste the coriander tea.

– Enhance your defences with rice starch

– Utilize items with strong antibacterial and antibiotic capabilities.

Food items to prevent viral fever

– Consume chicken soup, a good source of iron and protein.

– Consume vitamin C to boost your defences. lux foods, such as green veggies

ingest beta-glucan fibre via oats

– Coconut water.

Chikungunya

Chikungunya is another term for the illness that affects individuals the most during the monsoon. When the Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus mosquitoes bite, it is brought on. Around the polluted water, these mosquitoes are quite busy in the morning and evening.

However, since Chikungunya is treatable at any stage, dying from this monsoon illness is quite uncommon. When you notice its symptoms, all you need to do is visit a doctor. Remember that there is now no vaccination available to prevent Chikungunya’s direct effects. One may, however, take certain preventative steps to lessen the impact of the illness.

Symptoms of chikungunya

– Inflammation of the tissues around joints

– Severe headache

– Muscle ache

– fever of up to 104 °F

– Rashes and exhaustion

Precautions

– Drink a lot of liquids to reduce your chances of being dehydrated.

– Rest exclusively in bed for at least ten days.

Food items to curb chikungunya

– Garlic paste along with pepper should be used to lessen joint inflammation.

– Boost your defences by taking an Epsom salt bath in hot water.

– Take turmeric since it contains anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effects.

– Enjoy the Ashwagandha and Tulsi leaves.

Seasonal Cold And Flu

The common cold and flu are the only monsoon illnesses that are spread from person to person. It is a viral throat and nose illness. To combat the effects of the common cold and flu, one must fortify their immune system.

It occurs as a result of the monsoon’s alteration in temperature. Sneezing, watery eyes, runny noses, and muscular aches are all red flags that you have a typical cold or flu.

Symptoms of cold and flu

– Experiencing severe cold or perspiration

– Experiencing nausea and fatigue

– Loss of appetite

– Sore throat, cold, and congestion

Precautions

– Get plenty of rest

– Consume drinks containing mint leaves

Bottom line

In India, the monsoon season runs from July to September. Although the arrival of the monsoon may seem refreshing, as we previously noted, it also increases the danger of several illnesses and disorders. Keep yourself and those close to you safe by being informed of the measures to take and the signs of the most frequent monsoon illnesses.

Consult a doctor and don’t react too strongly to the homemade remedy. In-house therapy functions most effectively when it is carried out under a qualified doctor’s direction. It’s crucial to eat a protein-rich diet blended together with foods high in antioxidants because of the COVID-19 virus that lurks all around us.

Chikungunya is a mosquito-borne viral disease that occurs when an infected mosquito bites a healthy individual and injects the virus into the bloodstream. The term “Chikungunya” is coined from the Kimikonde language which means “To walk bent”. The key symptoms of Chikungunya include severe long-term crippling pain in the joints and fever.

What causes Chikungunya?

Chikungunya is a viral disease transmitted to humans when a mosquito infected with the chikungunya virus bites a healthy individual. This virus is not contagious hence a person infected with chikungunya can’t transmit it. 

When a mosquito bites a person who has chikungunya, it becomes the carrier of the virus and can transmit the virus to any healthy individual it bites. 

What are the symptoms of Chikungunya?

The symptoms may take anywhere from 3 to 7 days to surface. The most prominent symptoms of chikungunya include the following

– Fever accompanied by joint pain

– Headache

– Muscle pain

– Inflammation of the joints

– Rashes

Most of the symptoms are relieved within a week except for severe joint pain which can take several months to heal. Deaths due to chikungunya are very rare. 

Newborn, older adults over the age of 65 and people with problems like high blood pressure, heart problems, or diabetes are the ones who are most prone to complications. Although once a person has been infected with the virus, they get immune from further infections.

Methods of diagnosis

The diagnosis includes a thorough examination of the medical history and travel history of the person accompanied by a blood test which proves the be the best method of diagnosis since almost all mosquito-borne diseases have overlapping symptoms. 

Methods of treatment

There is no one-short treatment for chikungunya, the main focus of the treatment is to manage and relieve the symptoms. The steps followed for the treatment include the following

– Getting plenty of rest

– Drinking surplus amount of fluids to avoid dehydration

– Taking acetaminophen and paracetamol to reduce body pain and fever. 

– The infected person should prevent any further mosquito bites at all costs as the infected mosquito can transmit the disease to other people

Methods of prevention

Since there is no particular vaccine for chikungunya, our best bet is to prevent mosquito bites. Here are some precautions one can exercise to minimise the risk of getting infected with chikungunya

– Wearing long sleeves when travelling outdoors to minimize the area of skin exposed to mosquitoes

– Sleeping inside a mosquito net

– Installing screens on the windows to prevent mosquitoes from entering.

– Use mosquito repellants and coils during the evening time when mosquitoes are most active.

 

One should also take the following measures to prevent the mosquitoes from breeding

– Remove any stagnant water, if present, in and around your house.

– Keeping water containers such as water tanks covered.

– Keeping wet garbage in closed garbage bags

 

By following the steps mentioned above, one can minimize the chances of getting infected with chikungunya and other mosquito-borne diseases in general. 

Dengue is a mosquito-borne disease whose symptoms range from high fever and body pains to hemorrhagic fever, sudden blood pressure drops, and even death. This fever is most prominent during the season of monsoon and it is not contagious except in the case of giving birth, the mother can pass the virus to the child. Although if a person has had dengue before, they become immune to it. Research for developing dengue vaccines is being carried out throughout the world however, the best way for a person to protect themselves is to avoid getting bitten by mosquitoes.

What causes Dengue fever?

There are a total of four types of viruses that can cause dengue. When a mosquito bites a person who is infected with the dengue virus, the mosquito becomes the carrier for the virus and when the same mosquito bites a healthy individual, the virus enters the bloodstream of that person and causes them to become infected.

Once a person becomes infected with the virus and reverse, they get immunity from that particular type of virus but not against the remaining three. 

What are the symptoms of Dengue?

Most of the symptoms of Dengue are similar to common flu and surface around after 6 – 10 days after infection. The main symptoms include the following

– High fever

– Headache and pain behind the eyes

– Nausea and vomiting

– Fatigue and Skin Rash

For a majority of people, the symptoms are usually mild and most people recover within the span of a week. However, for people who already have an infection along with dengue or who have a weak immune system, the effects of dengue become serious and become a medical emergency. The main symptoms of a severe case of dengue are

– Extreme Fatigue

– Restlessness

– Difficulty in breathing

– Bleeding gums and nose

– Presence of blood in urine, vomit, or stool

The presence of any of the following symptoms in a person is a life-threatening medical emergency and one is required to seek immediate medical care

 

Methods of diagnosis

The doctor will first ask the patient about their recent travels and their medical history. One should provide as many details as possible as the symptoms of dengue have a close resemblance to symptoms of chikungunya, malaria, and typhoid. Further blood tests will be carried out to confirm the infection causing the symptoms.

Method of treatment

There is no specific medicine to treat dengue. The treatment deals with managing and relieving the symptoms and letting the immune system take care of the infection. Here are the steps one should take for a smooth recovery

– Consuming surplus amounts of fluids to keep the body sufficiently hydrated. 

– Providing as much rest to the body as possible. 

– Taking pain relievers like acetaminophen. 

One should never consume ibuprofen or aspirin to relieve pain as they can lead to life-threatening internal bleeding.

Methods of prevention

The best way to fight dengue is by preventing mosquito bites. Hence one should take the following measures to make sure they minimize the risks of getting dengue.

– Wearing long-sleeved shirts and trousers when going outside to minimize the part of the skin exposed to mosquitoes.

– Use mosquito repellent indoors especially during sunset when it’s the peak time for mosquitoes.

– Installing window screens to prevent mosquitoes from entering the house.

– Sleeping inside mosquito nets.

– Make sure the grass around your house is properly trimmed.

– Remove all the stagnant water in and around your house as it acts as a perfect breeding ground for mosquitoes.

Malaria is a mosquito-borne disease that is spread by the Anopheles mosquito. This mosquito is often found in hot and humid areas, and while biting a human injects the Plasmodium parasite into their bloodstream which grows in the liver. After maturing they attack the red blood cells and cause them to rupture. If left untreated, Malaria can lead to problems like brain damage, organ failure, and even death. Here’s everything you need to know about Malaria and how to be safe.

What causes Malaria?

Malaria is a serious disease that needs professional medical care or else it can lead to life-threatening conditions. The Anopheles mosquito is the carrier of the parasite referred to as Plasmodium, This parasite is injected into the bloodstream when the mosquito bites a healthy individual. 

The parasite makes its way to the liver and remains dormant until it matures. After it matures, the parasite reenters the bloodstream and starts infecting red blood cells and making them rupture. This reduces the number of healthy blood cells in the body which leads to anaemia, a drop in blood sugar, and the shutting down of vital organs.

What are the symptoms of Malaria?

The symptoms of malaria can surface after around 10 days and may also take up to 4 weeks to become noticeable. There are also cases where the parasite remains dominant for months without showing any symptoms. 

The major symptoms of malaria resemble the symptoms of the common cold which include the following

– Head and body aches

– Extreme fatigue

– Problem with breathing and chest pain

– Nausea and vomiting

As the disease progresses, it can cause problems like anaemia and jaundice. The last stage of malaria causes one to go into a coma and is referred to as cerebral malaria. 

How is Malaria diagnosed?

The healthcare provider will perform a history check and ask about one’s travel history. The doctor will also perform a physical examination to check for any case of enlarged spleen or liver. Further blood tests may follow which can help confirm if one has malaria or not. The blood test can also help in identifying the type of malaria, and the current stage of the disease. 

Method of treatment of Malaria

The treatment for Malaria should be started as soon as it is diagnosed to avoid life-threatening complications. Medicines will be given to kill the parasite which is combined with other drugs, in case the parasite is immune to malaria drugs. 

The most popularly used medications include Artemisinin drugs, Atovaquone, Chloroquine, Quinine, etc. 

Methods of prevention of Malaria

One must talk to their health provider before travelling to a malaria-prone area for effective protection. One may be required to take anti-malaria medication during the stay. One should also take the following precautions to minimize the risk of getting infected with malaria.

– Apply mosquito repellent on parts of the skin that are exposed.

– Use mosquito nets while sleeping

– Wear full sleeves to minimize the risk of getting bitten by mosquitoes

If one still develops the symptoms despite taking all the precautions, they should approach medical help as soon as possible to make sure the disease is treated without much trouble. 

Word of advice for people having Malaria

With proper medication, Malaria can be treated easily and the infection can be completely removed from the body. It takes around 2 weeks for a person to become healthy.