The cervix is the lower part of the uterus that connects the body of the uterus That is the part Where the fetus grows to the birth canal. The cervix is made up of two regions That constitute different types of cells.

(a.) Endocervix: The opening of the cervix that leads to the uterus is known as the endocervix, and it is covered with glandular cells.

(b.) Exocervix: This is the outer part of the cervix, observed during medical observation done by doctors

The Region where both of the paths of the uterus meat is known as the transformation zone and this part is the most prone to developing cancer. The main cause of cancer in this area is the human papillomavirus Also known as HPV, the body’s immune system typically can deal with this virus easily but in some individuals, this virus manages to survive for years and slowly contributes to the process of making the cells of this region cancerous hence causing cervical cancer.

What are the symptoms of Cervical Cancer?

Just like most cancers, Cervical cancer does not have any symptoms in the early stage but, as cancer begins to become serious the major symptoms that appear are abnormal vaginal bleeding especially after intercourse and between periods this can also happen after menopause, The bleeding is generally watery and it is heavy with a foul odor.

What causes Cervical Cancer?

Cervical cancer, Just like any other cancer, is caused due to changes or mutation in the structure of the DNA that causes them to divide abnormally. The exact cause of cervical cancer is unknown but what we know currently is that HPV plays a key role in promoting the growth of cervical cancer.

The two cancer-prone areas of the cervix are:

What are the risk factors for Cervical Cancer?

The factors which greatly increases the risks of one getting infected with cervical cancer are as follows:

What are the preventive measures?

Epilepsy and seizures are often used interchangeably but there’s a difference between them. Epilepsy is a neurological disorder caused due to abnormal brain activity which results in a series of seizures and other complications like loss of consciousness and behavioral changes. Seizures, on the other hand, occur because of the misfiring of multiple neurons in the brain which causes muscle spasms, twitching of muscles, or loss of awareness in some serious cases. Any external or internal stimulus which interferes with the electrical activity of the brain can cause a seizure, but epilepsy is a much more serious neurological disorder. Hence, we can say that all seizures may not be epileptic.

What are the different types of Epilepsy?

According to the experts, epilepsy can be divided into 2 broad categories which are based on the type of seizure one is experiencing, the categories are as follows

(1.) Generalized Epilepsy: The term generalized here refers to the fact that in this type of seizure, the neural transmission of all the areas of the brain is hampered. This condition is further sub-divided into six types.

(a.) Absence Seizures: Also known as petit mal seizures, This type of seizure generally happens in children. They last for about 5-10 seconds and result in the loss of body moments like blinking. These types of seizures may also occur in series say like 100 times in a day, and can cause loss of awareness (Being absent) for a noticeable period, hence the name Absence Seizures.

(b.) Tonic Seizures: Seizures of this type cause stiffness in the muscles around the area of one’s back, arms, and legs. The most common area of effect is the legs, hence they could cause one to fall and get injured if they occur while one is occupied in everyday routine.

(c.) Atonic Seizures: These seizures are the polar opposite of tonic seizures, as they cause a total loss of muscle control that results in relaxing the muscles completely. This type of seizure generally affects the legs and hence could cause one to fall and sustain a serious injury.

(d.) Clonic Seizures: Clonic seizures cause a recurring and rhythmic jerking movement of muscles usually affecting the muscles around the neck, face, and arms.

(e.) Myoclonic Seizures: This type of seizure is similar to clonic seizures, the only difference is that myoclonic seizures cause the jerking sensation of the muscles for a short interval of time whereas Clonic Seizures cause prolonged periods of uncontrollable muscle twitching.

(f.) Tonic-Clonic Seizures: Previously referred to as grand mal seizures, these are the types of seizures that we get the picture In our mind whenever we hear about a seizure. They cause twitching, shaking, and stiffening of the muscles all around the body, and may also cause loss of consciousness in extreme cases.

(2.) Focal Seizures: Also referred to as Partial Seizure, Just as the name suggests, seizures of this type are caused due to abnormal brain activity in just one part of one’s brain. This type of seizure is also subdivided as follows:

(a.) Focal Aware Seizure: If one is fully conscious or aware of what is happening to the body amidst the episode of the seizure, The seizure is referred to as Focal Aware 

(b.) Focal Impaired Awareness Seizures: Also known as “Complex Partial Seizure”, If one can’t fully recall what happened during the episode of the seizure, the seizure is referred to as impaired awareness seizure.

(c.) Focal Non-Motor Seizure: The seizure of this type doesn’t involve any muscular twitches or movements, rather it causes an intense wave of emotions accompanied by a rapid heartbeat.

What causes Epilepsy?

The exact cause of Epilepsy is unknown to date, however, certain factors have shown a strong correlation with Epilepsy.

(1.) Trauma Of Head: Head trauma caused by accidents or other traumatic injury is shown to cause epilepsy.

(2.) Brain Disorders: Problems like brain tumors and vascular malformations can cause epilepsy, although the leading cause of Epilepsy is Stroke, when happens in people over the age of 35, There’s a very high probability that the stoke will cause epilepsy. Dementia is also shown to correlate with Epilepsy.

(3.) Developmental and Genetical Disorder: Developmental disorders such as autism can also cause epilepsy, if there’s a history of epilepsy in the family then it’s a very high probability that the person can develop epilepsy in the days to come.

How to act to help someone is Experiencing A Seizure?

The step you can take if someone is having a seizure are as follows:

(a.) Make the person lie on the ground comfortably.

(b.) To help the person breathe, turn them onto one side gently.

(c.) Put the head of the person on something soft like a folded jacket or shirt.

(d.) Put away all the sharp objects from the person.

Keep a rough estimate of time for the seizure and if the seizure doesn’t stop after 5 minutes, call an ambulance as it’s an emergency condition. Do not attempt to do the following things with the person having a seizure:

Don’t try to manually stop the jerking movements by holding the person down.

Don’t try to give any oral medicine to the person amidst the seizure.

Don’t attempt CPR, people usually start normal breathing as soon as the seizure stops.

What can one do to manage Epilepsy?

It doesn’t matter if one has experienced a seizure or not, following the tips will provide an overall healthy life, and here’s a shocking fact – Everyone experiences a seizure – conscious or unconscious – at least once in their life.

(a.) Take regular medicines as prescribed by the doctor.

(b.) Get at least 7-8 hours of uninterrupted sleep.

(c.) Get 10 minutes of regular exercise every day.

(d.) Do breathing practices to lower your stress levels.

When to seek a doctor immediately?

(1.) If the seizure lasts for more than 5 minutes, and a second seizure follows it simultaneously.

(2.) Normal breathing and consciousness are not restored even after the seizure is gone.

(3.) Experiencing seizure despite taking anti-seizure medicines.

(4.) If the person gets injured during the episode of seizure.

(5.) The person starts to develop a fever after the seizure.

If you observe any of the above conditions, especially the first two, call an ambulance as soon as possible, if you are in Hyderabad, You can call Malla Reddy Narayana At 87903-87903 for a Multi-Speciality Ambulance at your service.

When we were small our parents used to advise us a lot and even punish us when we injured ourselves but we never stopped playing, no matter what. Today we at Malla Reddy Narayana, are here to support your resolve with Everything About How to deal with sports injuries so you don’t let the fun stop ever again. So let’s start with what are the key causes resulting in injuries during sports.

1.) Excessive activity after a long period of inactivity – This happens when we put our muscles under excessive strain, without any prior endurance training, it’s like running a marathon after being bedridden for a year.

2.) Exercising without proper warm-up – Warm-up is the most ignored activity among the general public, hence it’s the most common reason for muscle strain. Can you start your bike after letting it stand in cold throughout the night? The same goes for your muscles!

3.) Sports Accidents – This factor isn’t in our control, this is purely coincidental, and only precautionary measures can be taken for it, hence playing as per the expert guidance and maintaining proper posture is the only thing we can do.

What are the types of Sports Injuries?

Injuries incurred during sports can be categorized into various types, here are the most common injuries that most sportsmen have experienced at least once in their lifetime.

1.)  Soft Tissue Injury: It refers to the damage of muscles, ligaments, and tendons anywhere throughout the body. It is further sub-categorized into two types – Acute and Overuse Injuries.

2.) Fractures: Fracture occurs when there is a break anywhere in the bone into two or more parts. Fractures are of various categories viz. Open, Closed, greenstick and comminuted, etc.

3.) Sprains And Strains: Tearing or stretching of the tendon beyond its natural capacity results in tearing hence causing Strain. A similar condition when resulting in a ligament tear is known as Sprain.

4.) Dislocation: Injuries incurred during sports may also result in dislocation of a bone in the body. In this condition, a bone is forced out of the socket joint. This condition is accompanied by pain and swelling in most cases.

What Are The Treatment Of Sports Injuries?

Most of the sports injuries can be relieved and treated by the RICE procedure which expands as;

R – Rest, i.e. getting sufficient rest is necessary to aid in the process of healing.

I – Ice, using ice packs to relieve swelling in the area of injury to provide relief by reducing the blood flow in the area, apply an ice pack for at most 15 minutes at a time, then let the skin temperature return to normal before repeating.

C – Compression, an elastic bandage is wrapped around the affected area firmly so as o prevent swelling and fluid building up. The precaution to be taken while using a bandage is that it shouldn’t be too tight to cause discomfort.

E – Elevating an injury to a level above the level of the heart minimizes swelling by allowing fluid to drain away from the site of injury.

Follow the rice procedure for 48-72 hours after your injury. Generally, sports injuries start healing within 3 days, after three days the symptoms like swelling, pain, and bruising will subside. There are other methods like TOTAPS(Talk, Observe, Touch, Active Movement, Passive Movement, and Skill test) and No-HARM (No Heat, No Alcohol, No Running, and No Massage)

What are the precautions to be taken to avoid sports injuries?

The following steps are very useful in greatly reducing the risk of sports injuries

1.) Doing proper warm-up and cool-down.

2.) Using protective Gears.

3.) Always playing as per rules.

4.) Regular fitness training.

5.) Not Over-exerting the muscles.

When to seek professional medical help?

If following the given RICE method doesn’t provide any relief even after 3 days, or the symptoms start to worsen with time, it’s time to let the professionals handle the case. Don’t ignore symptoms, early diagnosis and quick action will get you back in the game sooner than ever, And if you ever require professional medical attention, we at Malla Reddy Narayana are always here to help you get back to the game in a much better form than you left, be it the game on the field or be it the game of life!

Vitamins are important compounds that play a very vital role in all metabolic activities. Vitamins, when incorrect proportions, bless one with robust immunity, strong bones, faster healing, sharp eyesight, and many more. Just as is the case with everything in the world, anything in excess is harmful, so is the case with Vitamins. Vitamins are broadly categorized into two types, viz Fat-soluble and water-soluble Vitamin B is a complex class of 8 important water-soluble vitamins, It’s common for people to take supplements for either a particular vitamin among the eight or all 8 as a whole. An overdose on any one of them or of the entire complex is serious and the severity can range from mild skin rash to Lung cancer. Let’s understand the risks associated with overdose of individual vitamins and then the complex as a whole.

Vitamin B in detail, and Results of Vitamin B Overdose

Just as you now know that Vitamin B is a class of 8 essential vitamins, let’s understand every vitamin in detail and its effects on overdose.

(1.) Vitamin B1: Also known as Thiamine, Vitamin B1 is an important vitamin responsible for maintaining the proper function of the nervous system and aiding the body to effectively break down carbohydrates. The cause of overdose of Vitamin B1 is through overconsumption of Thiamine supplements prescribed for patients with a low level of thiamine, beriberi, neuritis, and digestive and heart diseases.

The overdose of thiamine is rare, but its complications are very severe. Mild overdose of Vitamin B can cause problems like Headache, Upset stomach, and Weakness of the body. Acute overdose can cause symptoms like Cardiac arrhythmia i.e, irregular heartbeats, Hypotension, convolutions, a key symptom for thiamine overdose is lips turning blue.

The foods to avoid in case of overdose are Spinach, tuna, green peas, tomato, and mushrooms.

(2.) Vitamin B2: Also referred to as Riboflavin, Vitamin B2 acts as an antioxidant in the body, along with that, Healthy levels of vitamin B2 can bless one with healthy cells, effective metabolism, providing glowing skin, and healthy eyes.

An overdose of Vitamin B2 is also very rare and mostly happens due to overconsumption of medications like AZT, Tricyclic antidepressants, Doxorubicin, etc. The effects of an overdose of this vitamin constitute of Increase in urine frequency, allergy, diarrhea, breathing difficulty, and swollen face and tongue.

The food items to avoid in vitamin B2 overdose constitute Spinach, lettuce, organic eggs, swiss chard, etc.

(3.) Vitamin B3: Also called Niacin, is an integral vitamin. Almost everyone gets enough amount of this vitamin through daily food items like milk, meat and cereals hence the overdose is negligible from foods and yet again the remaining possibility of overdose turns our attention towards supplements like atorvastatin, tricyclic antidepressants, lovastatin, etc. The major use of supplements for Vitamin B3 is for people trying to control their high cholesterol.

Vitamin B3 overdose can cause complications like blurry vision, nausea and vomiting, abdominal pain and bloating, headache and nervousness. Very high overdose of vitamin B can cause liver damage, jaundice, and stomach ulcers. There’s also a typical side effect referred to as “Niacin Flush” which induces symptoms like burning, tingling, and itching sensation in the face and chest area along with severe dizziness.

Food to avoid in Vitamin B3 overdose is salmon, chicken, shrimp, and turkey.

(4.) Vitamin B5: Also called Pantothenic Acid. This vitamin acts as a coenzyme for energy-producing chemicals responsible for the effective absorption of carbohydrates and fats from the food we consume and also for the proper functioning of adrenal glands. It also helps the body to effectively make use of other vitamins of the B Complex like B2 and B6.

An overdose of vitamin B5 can cause severe diarrhea and calcification of arteries hence putting one at risk of developing serious cardiovascular problems.

Food items to avoid during a Vitamin B5 overdose are broccoli, winter squash, cauliflower, strawberries.

(5.) Vitamin B6: Also referred to as Pyridoxine, This vitamin is an important factor for maintaining the normal functioning of the nervous system, keeping the immune system healthy, and promoting brain development.

An overdose of this vitamin can cause complications like clumsiness, loss of muscle coordination, paralysis, abdominal pain, and liver problems. The most prominent symptoms of the overdose are swelling of lips, the throat of face, and throat.

Food to avoid in Vitamin B6 overdose is cabbage, cod, tuna, garlic, and bell pepper.

(6.) Vitamin B9: Also called Folic Acid, This vitamin is crucial in the formation of red blood cells and promoting healthy growth and functioning of cells, it also helps in ensuring a healthy nervous system and protects one from diseases like depression, dementia, and cancer.

An overdose of Vitamin B9 can cause problems like insomnia, malaise, irritability, seizures, and paralysis. Folic acid can also interfere with the working of other medications and hence rendering them useless. Hence the overdose of Vitamin B9 is very dangerous.

Food items to avoid in Vitamin B9 Overdose are Calf’s liver, kidney beans, avocado, beets, lentils, and broccoli.

(7.) Vitamin B12: Also known as Cobalamin, This vitamin is responsible for the proper functioning of nerve cells, production of DNA, cell metabolism, and formation.

An overdose of Vitamin B12 can cause complications like diarrhea, blood clots, severe allergic reactions, and an increased risk of prostate cancer.

Food items to avoid during an overdose of Vitamin B12 are lamb, eggs, shrimp, scallops, and sardines.

(8.)Vitamin B Complex: Vitamin B complex refers to the collection of all the individual Vitamins shown above, Vitamin B complex helps in the overall well-being of cells, provides good eyesight, healthy brain, good digestion, toned muscles, healthy cardiovascular and digestive system.

An overdose of Vitamin B complex usually occurs from the excessive consumption of supplements, The complications that one notices in case of an overdose are skin rashes, insomnia, gastrointestinal problem, Tingling and numbness, Extreme mood swings, and abnormal blood pressure levels.

Bottom Line

We have now seen the complications of the overdose of Vitamin B, and also the benefits they can bestow upon us when taken in proper amount. Theirs is no need to fear as taking the prescribed dose of Vitamin will always be in your favor, The best one can do to avoid an overdose is always consulting a medical professional before consuming any supplement and always taking the prescribed dosage, rest everything will be fine!

Diabetic Neuropathy is nerve damage caused by diabetes. It is the most common diabetic complication affecting at least 50% of all patients. high blood sugar levels cause progressive injury to neurons out of which sensory neurons are usually the first to be affected. The most common areas affected are the legs and feet. The effect of diabetic neuropathy can go from simple numbness in the legs to damaging the neurons in the heart, digestive system, urinary tract, etc, Although it’s a very common yet serious disease, One can easily prevent and slow down the progression of this disease by sticking to a healthy lifestyle and maintaining the blood sugar levels in the healthy range.

What are the different types of Diabetic Neuropathy?

Diabetic Neuropathy is divided into 4 categories based on the areas it affects. One may have a single or multiple types of diabetic neuropathy and still be completely unaware, as the effects of the disease only surface when the conditions become severe. The 4 categories of diabetic neuropathy are as follows:-

(1.)  Peripheral Neuropathy: Also known as Distal Symmetric Polyneuropathy, as it affects Multiple Nerves (Poly) on both sides of the body (Symmetrical) and affects the longest sensory axons that convey the sensation from the feet and hands (Distal). This is the most common form of diabetic neuropathy which affects the legs and feet, and in later stages also affects the hands and arms. The key symptoms constitute numbness, tingling, or burning sensation which becomes worse at night as the pain gets exaggerated. In this type of diabetic neuropathy, the sensitivity to pain either increases or is completely lost. The loss of sensation leads to an increased risk of painless injuries which often go unnoticed and therefore untreated, this together with slow healing caused by diabetes can turn minor cuts for clusters into serious infections.

(2.) Autonomic Neuropathy: Affects nerves that control the activities of internal organs like the heart, urinary bladder, intestines, etc.

Other major areas affected by autonomic neuropathy are the eyes when affected with diabetic neuropathy, which causes delayed adjustment time of pupil when exposed to dark and light, nerve damage in sweat glands can cause no sweat or a lot of sweat.

The most important effect of autonomic neuropathy is Hypoglycemia Unawareness that is the body is unable to feel the signals like hunger/ shaking/ dizziness, which are the key symptoms of low blood sugar levels and hence the patients pass out before they can even take any measures.

(3.) Mononeuropathy: Also known as focal neuropathy, is the dysfunction of a single nerve due to entrapment, a common example is carpal tunnel syndrome in which the median nerve is compressed while passing through the narrow tunnel in the wrist causing pain, numbness and tingling in the hand. Damage to the cranial nerve leads to loss of vision and control of facial muscles.

(4.) Proximal Neuropathy: Also known as diabetic amyotrophy, is a rare but severe form of diabetic neuropathy which affects the areas of the buttocks, abdomen, chest – typically on one side of the body. Symptoms include severe pain in the affected area. Weakness and shrinking of the muscles around the thigh area is the key symptom of this type of neuropathy.

What Causes Diabetic Neuropathy?

With the current level of medical advancement, the exact cause of diabetic neuropathy is unknown, further researches are being done to pinpoint the exact trigger for diabetic neuropathy. The current theory that the researchers believe is that uncontrolled blood sugar levels, over a long time damages the nerves and interfere with the ability of neurons to send and receive signals.

What are the Risk Factors?

A person with diabetes can develop diabetic neuropathy at any point of time in their life, but the following factors put one at an even greater risk

How To Prevent Diabetic Neuropathy?

As you are now aware of the fact that the nucleus of this disease is uncontrolled diabetes. Hence you can prevent and slow down the progression of this disease by the following steps;

(1.) Managing Blood Sugar: This is the Most Important point one needs to follow to keep diabetes neuropathy at bay.

(2.) Taking Good Care Of Feet: Feet are the most common area which is affected by diabetic neuropathy. Hence they need proper attention. Problems like sores, ulcers, and cuts which are common in diabetic neuropathy can be prevented by regular self-examination of the feet. Keeping a watchful eye for cuts, bruises, and cracked skin that is not healing. Wash your feet with lukewarm water and soap daily and keep them moisturized and wear well-cushioned shoes.

The above steps can help minimize the risks of getting diabetic neuropathy and if someone is already suffering from the complications, taking the preventive measures can help slow down the rate of progression of the disease.

Hernia refers to the medical condition generally occurring in the abdominal cavity in which internal organs protrude out after pushing through a weak spot in your muscle or tissue due to abnormal pressure. Out of all the cases of hernia 80% are inguinal or femoral, 2% are ventral, 7-10% are umbilical which affects almost 15% of newborns but most of the cases heal themselves. It’s a serious medical condition that doesn’t heal itself and hence requires surgical treatment as soon as possible before the symptoms worsen.

What causes a hernia?

The key factor that’s common in almost all the categories of hernia is the weakening of muscles around the cavity and building up of pressure around the abdomen either due to straining physical activity or natural build-up of pressure like in the case of constipation.

What are the symptoms of Hernia?

The hernia has the key symptom that appears as the bulge on the skin, which can be pushed back. This bulge can normalize at certain positions like lying down, Various physical activities like coughing, laughing, and passing bowels can alter the shape and size of the lump. These lumps can also be painful in general or can cause pain while doing physical activities, while these are the self diagonalizable symptoms, it’s recommended to undergo an in-depth examination under an able medical practitioner which will involve a physical examination and soft tissue CT- Scan.

An untreated hernia poses a serious threat, as it can induce more complicated and critical medical emergencies viz. Intestines become stuck in the canals mainly the inguinal canal resulting in a painful lump in the groin region, vomiting and stomach ache. In the worst case, this obstruction can become strangled in such a way as to completely shut down the blood supply to the area of the muscle, in most cases intestine, this is a medical emergency and requires surgery to prevent the death of vital tissues.

What are the types Of Hernia?

Here are the details about the most common types of hernias.

1.) Inguinal Hernia: This is the most common type of hernia, which affects males more than females. Inguinal Canal is the passageway that leads the spermatic cord and various blood vessels towards the testicles. For women, the ligament supporting the womb is held within this canal. The condition that causes this type of hernia is protruding of the intestine into the groin.

2.) Femoral Hernia: This type of hernia is similar to an inguinal hernia but it occurs in a much lower region than an inguinal hernia. A femoral hernia is developed in the upper thigh located just below the inguinal ligament, where the abdominal organs protrude through the femoral canal.

3.) Umbilical Hernia: This category of hernia are very common and harmless, being most common among infants, this type of hernia occurs when a part of the intestines or fatty tissue protrudes through the belly button.

4.) Hiatal Hernia: Our diaphragm contains a cavity known as hiatus, the food pipe i.e. esophagus passes through this opening before reaching into the stomach. In this type of hernia, the stomach is pushed up into the chest through the hiatal. In mild cases, one may not even know if he has this problem. In moderate cases, it can induce heartburn due to the backing of food and acid into the food pipe. Proper self-care and medicine usually cure this problem. Only in extreme cases of a very large hernia, surgery is needed.

What are the treatments of Hernia?

Hernias are disorders that can’t heal themselves and hence require professional medical attention. The modes of treatment of hernia are surgical procedures and it’s up to the medical professional to decide which procedure suits the best for your condition. The three most popular procedures are as follows

1.) Open Surgery: This is the traditional procedure that involves making an incision at the location of the hernia. The excess tissue that has protruded are then restored to their original position and then the muscle wall is set back into its original state using stitching, in case the wall is very weak, a mesh is also implanted along with the stitch for prevention of further case of hernia from the same spot.

2.) Laparoscopic Surgery: This procedure is an advanced version of open surgery. In this process, rather than a large incision, a small cut big enough to insert surgical instruments is made in the affected area and the procedure of restoration of muscles and tissues is done.

3.) Robotic Hernia Surgery: When the laparoscopic surgery is performed using robotic arms by a doctor that is present at some other place, and is using a console to control the machine in the operation room to perform the procedure, the process is called robotic hernia surgery. This surgery is useful for mild cases of hernia and also be used for the reconstruction of the weak abdominal wall.

What can you do now to prevent a hernia?

Since now you already understand the key factor causing hernia are weak muscles and built-up of excess pressure in the abdominal region. The most important practice to prevent hernia deals with maintaining ideal body weight to avoid getting obese and doing regular exercise, also proper posture should be followed while using weights for exercising.

Constipation is the major cause of pressure built up in the abdominal region hence increasing fiber-rich food in your diet and drinking surplus water can greatly reduce the chances of pressure built up. All these precautions combined can significantly reduce the chance of you ever getting a hernia, but even if the worst came to exist We at Malla Reddy Narayana are always ready to serve you by providing you with world-class treatment and the most hassle-free procedures so that you never have to stress about dealing with your problems alone.

Headache, almost everyone has experienced this at some point of time in their life. It is a very common experience, we generally ignore this or take some OTC medicines but if it becomes a daily issue or the “Simple” headache starts to metamorphose into different types of headaches, we get the dilemma if this is a headache or a brain tumor, hence we start to panic, let’s help you get rid of this dilemma by helping you with everything you need to know about the brain tumor.

What Is Brain Tumor?

Growth of abnormal cells due to uncontrolled division results in a solid mass or cluster of cells, which in medical jargon is known as a tumor. When this abnormal mass of cells develops in the brain, it’s called a brain tumor. Brain tumors just like any other tumor are categorized into two types – Cancerous, and Non-Cancerous. The severity of both depends on various clinical measures and hence requires a lot of testing before one can conclude anything.

What are the symptoms of a Brain Tumor?

The symptoms of a brain tumor vary greatly upon the characteristic of the tumor-like size, location, and rate of growth, but some symptoms are common in almost all cases. These include

1.) Mutation in the headache pattern, that has symptoms that you have never experienced before, There could also be a change in frequency and variation in the intensity of pain.

2.) Headaches accompanied by Nausea that doesn’t have any particular reason of occurrence, and vision problems viz. blurred vision, loss of peripheral vision, etc.

3.) Problem in maintaining proper balance, accompanied by loss of awareness and movement in limbs and arms.

4.) Feeling Lethargic, and speech becomes slurred.

5.) Changes in behavioral patterns and personality, inability to follow simple commands, and problem in handling simple cognitive intensive jobs.

6.) Experiencing seizures without any previous case of occurrence.

What are the causes of Brain Tumor?

Tumors can be divided into two types as per their origination, one that originates in the brain itself is known as the primary tumor, while on the other hand if the tumor originates on some other part of the body but makes its way to the brain is known as a secondary or metastatic tumor. Now let’s look into the details of both

(a) Primary Tumor: This type of tumor originates in either the tissues surrounding the brain namely meninges i.e. the brain covering membrane, cranial nerve, pituitary gland, etc. or in the brain itself. The primary tumor is caused when there is a mutation in the DNA. The DNA is the storehouse of all the blueprints that the body refers to while doing the biological processes, hence if it’s off even by a jiffy, it wreaks havoc. In the case of a tumor, the information related to cell division is tampered with by mutation and hence there is an uncontrolled rate of cell division, resulting in a cluster of cells.

(b.) Secondary Tumor: The secondary tumor is the most common type of tumor in adults, this type of tumor is the result of cancerous cells present in some other parts of the body as in Breast cancer, colon cancer, Lung cancer, etc. that makes it way gradually to the brain.

What is the Treatment for Brain Tumor?

The approach in finalizing the treatment procedure of brain tumors depends on various factors and requires thorough analysis, but here are the common treatment processes which are used as stand-alone or are done in combination with each other.

(1.) Surgery: This is the most used approach as a method for treatment. It involves complete removal of the tumor while making sure to preserve the brain tissues responsible for cognitive abilities like talking, speaking, walking, etc. In this process, surgeons usually create an opening an opening in the skull to access the inside of the brain and remove the tumor.

(2.) Radiotherapy: High energy radiation waves are used when the surgical procedure becomes too complex or is not feasible, radiation therapy is of various types some of them are as follows

(a.) Standard External Beam Radiotherapy

(b.) Proton Beam Treatment

(c.) Stereotactic Radiosurgery

(d.) 3-Dimensional Conformal Radiotherapy (3DCRT)

(e.) Intensity Modulated Radiotherapy (IMRT)

(3.) Chemotherapy: Chemotherapy is not as effective as the above two if done as stand-alone, while it can greatly complement the result of the other processes when done along with them, chemotherapy works on the principle of regeneration ability of cells. It involves inflicting damage to cells, after that the cells that are healthy repair themselves whereas the cancerous cells have a hard time regenerating.

Bottom Line

The brain tumor is a serious issue that requires expert medical assistance along with modern technologies. Hence if you experience any of the symptoms mentioned above don’t hesitate, to approach a medical professional. We at Malla Reddy Narayana have expert professionals along with the most cutting-edge technologies so that every care is taken for your complete treatment in the most hassle-free way possible, so feel free to approach us in any case of emergency in our 24×7 number 87903-87903.

Stroke is a condition that happens when the blood supply to the brain is either partially or fully blocked, this may be a result of blockage or rupturing of arteries. Stroke is a Critical Medical Emergency and requires immediate medical assistance. Early and rapid measures are expected in this condition as the brain cells begin to die within minutes, hence every minute can become a deciding factor between life and death.

Key Symptoms Of Stroke

Stoke has certain characteristics symptoms that can help us make a quick decision, which intern can make a difference between life and death. The main symptoms of stroke are as follows

1.) Problem in understanding what people are talking about: If anyone is having a hard time understanding even the simplest of sentences, or is having a problem in speaking properly i.e. having a slurred speech all of a sudden. For confirmation you can ask the person to repeat a simple sentence, if the speech is unclear, It is a key sign of stroke.

2.) Numbness on one side: Be it in the face, arms, or legs, during a stroke, one may experience numbness, extreme weakness, or paralysis, when any of these happen on just one side of the body, it is a sign of stroke. If one wants an even clearer indication they can ask the person to raise both of their arms, if the person has a hard time maintaining the position of any one of their arms, it’s a sign of stroke.

3.) Having blurred vision: Any form of visual distortion like seeing multiple images, vision getting black, images getting blurred suddenly is a sign of stroke.

4.) Headache: Experiencing a sudden, severe headache, accompanied by nausea, dizziness, and loss of consciousness are indications of a stroke.

5.) Trouble Walking: If anyone is having trouble maintaining their balance while walking or standing, accompanied by extreme dizziness and loss of muscle coordination. It’s an indication of a stroke

If multiple symptoms begin to appear in a person, It’s A CRITICAL condition, YOU NEED TO ACT NOW, If you are in Hyderabad, You can contact Us At our Emergency Number 87903-87903 for Immediate Assistance.

What Causes Stroke?

As you now know, Stroke is caused when blood supply to the brain is cut off, Now there can be two ways this can happen, One – A blocked Artery, also known as Ischemic stroke, Second – Bursting or leaking of a blood vessel also known as Hemorrhagic Stroke. Let’s understand these two in detail.

Ischemic Stroke: It is the most commonly occurring stroke. The main reason for this kind of stroke is the brain’s blood vessels become narrowed or blocked, which intern severely reduces the blood supply to the brain (Ischemia) hence the name ischemic stroke. The main reason for the narrowing of the blood vessels is fatty deposits building up in the blood vessels caused by cholesterol, or due to a blood clot that has reached the brain.

Hemorrhagic Stroke: This type of stroke occurs can occur as a result of the rupturing of the blood vessel in the brain, various factors could lead to the rupturing of the vessels in the brain. The most important factors are as follows:-

1.) Unattended High Blood Pressure: Blood pressure higher than 140/90 have a very bad impact on blood vessel and if not maintained properly can lead to stroke.                                           

2.) Heart Diseases: This is the second most important risk factor for stroke, As heart diseases and stroke have a lot of common risk factors.

3.) Diabetes: People having diabetes are at a much higher risk of getting a stroke than healthy people.

4.) Smoking: Smoking has innumerable adverse effects on our body and increasing the risk of stroke is nothing new.

5.) High Cholesterol And Lipids: Cholesterol is the major factor responsible for the thickening and hardening of the arteries.

Other major factors that increase the risk of having a stroke are Obesity, Alcohol Consumption, Lack Of Proper Exercise, and Heredity.

Steps to Prevent Brain Stroke:

1.) Keep Hypertension In Check: Keeping one’s blood pressure under check is the most important step they can take towards preventing brain stroke. Even if one has experienced a stroke before, keeping your pressure at healthy levels can help prevent further cases of Stroke.

2.) Controlling Cholesterol Levels: High cholesterol is the key factor for stroke, Eating less saturated and trans fat, helps reduce the build-up of plaque in arteries, hence lowering the risks of getting a stroke.

3.) Exercise Regularly: 30 minutes of moderate activity daily such as walking, jogging, cycling, etc. helps lower your blood pressure, increases good cholesterol, and improves the health of blood vessels.

4.) Keeping Diabetes in check: Keeping the sugar levels in a healthy range can help one keep a lot of critical diseases at bay and there is no exception when it comes to stroke.

5.) Manage The Body Weight: Being overweight puts one at risk of getting a lot of serious health conditions, and hence it’s very crucial to keep the bodyweight under healthy levels.


Stoke is a critical medical condition requiring urgent medical assistance. It doesn’t matter if one has had a previous occurrence of stroke, following the precautions mentioned would be a great addon, in improving the overall quality of life for everyone.

Migraine is the most common type of headache that one can experience, it is also known as a unilateral headache because, in most cases, the pain experienced is usually spread on one side of the face. The key indication of migraine is that it comes and goes in a wave-like manner, these waves continue for almost 4-72 hrs. We understand that it is a very irritating experience for you and also for your loved ones for they hate to see you in pain, hence we have brought to you 5 Amazing Scientifically proven tips to relieve migraine for good! But before that let’s take a look at what causes migraine and how is it treated.

Migraine Causes And Traditional Treatment

The causes of migraine are very clouded, and not very well understood, the closest studies have got the medical experts is that the main cause is genetics and lifestyle. The other topmost cause of migraine is changing in the brainstem and its interaction with a nerve and the major pain receptor pathway present in the head known as trigeminal nerve, also an imbalance in the neurotransmitter can trigger a series of migraine. Apart from these, there are a few known triggers of migraine:-

1.) Drinks: Beverages like alcohol especially wine and excessive coffee can trigger migraine.

2.) Stress: Stress is also a known trigger of migraine in many cases.

3.) Sleep: Improper sleep schedule can also frequent changes In sleep routine are also among the key triggers of migraine.

4.) Food Additives: These include preservative monosodium glutamate and artificial sweeteners aspartame.

5.) Pressure Changes: Changes in atmospheric pressure while traveling across different altitudes also has to capability to trigger migraine.

The general treatment of migraine involves the use of over-the-counter medicines like ibuprofen, aspirin, acetaminophen, etc. apart from these let’s get back to the point and discuss the key topic.

5 Amazing Scientifically Proven Tips To Relieve Migraine

1.)  Get out of the Chaos: The first step to being taken as soon as the phase of migraine starts is getting out of the chaos as soon as possible. Go find a calm environment, take a little break from whatever you are doing, You can also try to go to sleep by turning off the lights as migraine can worsen on exposure to light. You can also opt for drinking the caffeinated beverage as a small amount of caffeine is beneficial in curing mild headaches. You can also try applying hot or cold pads in the affected area to provide relief from the pain, you can also opt for a hot water bath for the same effect.

2.) Manage Stress: Stress is one of the key causes of migraine, Now we know that your life is full of important issues and you being a responsible person, worry about doing your best, So we advise you to at least keep your stress levels under control, here are some ways which will help you eliminate stress from your life

(a.) Think And Be Positive: Let’s be honest, thinking negative isn’t doing us much good, it’s just like letting an unwanted guest stay in your home for free. Positive thoughts, on the
(b.) Enjoy With Yourself: Life is precious hence, try to take some time out of your busy schedule, at least 15 minutes every day to do the thing you love, in the long run, you will thank yourself.
(c.) Try Meditation: Meditation has magical effects when it comes to dealing with problems related to the mind, not only that, meditation polishes your overall personality, with just 10 minutes of meditation every day, you wouldn’t even be able to recognize yourself as to how much you will be matured, how calm you would become, the benefits would itself require a separate blog.

3.) Have a good night’s sleep: A good night’s sleep has the benefits of a thousand medicine, the risks of migraine can hence be minimized through a night of good and complete sleep.

(a.) Have a proper sleep routine: Irregular sleep routine drastically affects our body’s circadian rhythms hence creating a perfect opportunity for diseases and disorders to emerge, whereas a proper sleep schedule has to power to eliminate a lot of well-known disorders.
(b.) Minimize distractions before sleeping: No more scrolling through social media or watching “One More” episode on Netflix.
(c.) Use Music: Relaxing nature sounds playing in the background at a comfortable audio level can help cure insomnia, this method is is trusted by millions, do give it a try.

4.) Have A Balance Routine Diet: We are what we eat, hence it’s very essential to be responsible for what we are putting in our system, few simple steps like being consistent with a fixed eating schedule can go a long way, Fasting increases the risk of migraines hence if possible avoid it as far as possible.

5.) Maintain Balance in all aspects of life: A life with migraine is a struggle in itself, but the small yet significant changes done in lifestyle and a little time of the day spent with your loved ones every day will go a long way.

We at Malla Reddy Narayana are always there to support you in every walk of life so that you never feel alone no matter the circumstances. Our highly trained psychologists are there for you if you ever feel depressed, we are just a call away.

“You can’t enjoy the ride of a Ferrari with an aching back” – It’s very correctly said, that’s exactly how we feel when our backaches, nothing in the world comforts us. Almost everyone experiences lower back pain at some point of time in their life. And truth bespoke it is a day-ruining experience. It messes up with your mood for the day, making you irritable hence also ruining the environment and mood of everyone you meet, So we at Malla Reddy Narayana Have Curated everything you ever need to deal with back pain so that you can be your happy self back again!

What are the causes of Lower Back Pain?

This topic is not as simple as it seems the pain in the spine might not even be in the spine but rather due to the muscles around it. It can also be shifted to the right or left side or affect the entire region. Lower back pain can be caused by simple activities like doing laundry, brooming on the floor, or accidentally picking something heavy by the strength of your back instead of using your knees, to adding a new exercise in your routine especially the one that requires you to do a lot of twisting and turning motion. It can also be originating due to a sprain or strain in the back. Certain arthritis can also result in Back Pain.

Diagnosis of Lower Back Pain

Lower Back Pain is not just painful to live with but also painful to find the actual reason causing the pain. The general method of diagnosis is a full physical examination. Depending on the severity of the pain the doctor may request a blood test, X-Rays, CT Scans, etc. even the minute details like the type of pain you feel viz. burning pain or stabbing pain, can provide value able insights into your diagnosis and hence your treatment.

Treatment Of Lower Back Pain

Lower back pain may respond differently to the same type of treatment based on what is causing the pain. Here is what you can do now

1.) Using OTC Non-Steroidal Anti Inflammatory Drugs: This is the first line of defense, Also applying pain relief sprays or gels can help improve the condition in general cases.

2.) Using Heat Pad: Using heat can relieve cramped muscles and hence can relieve back pain, for more relief you can also go for a hot water bath with Epsom salt mixed in it.

3.) Gentle Massage: The good old massage when done with light pressure can help reduce the pain in normal circumstances of back pain

4.) Try Yoga Poses: Yoga poses works like a miracle in case of a backache, here are the poses you should do – Cat-Cow Pose, Plank, Child pose, Downward facing dog, etc.

What Doctor Does to treat Lower Back Pain?

After an accurate diagnosis, the doctor can refer you to a specialist like an orthopedist, physician, or psychotherapist as the case permits.

The most used treatment procedure is Physical Therapy, It involves specially curated sets of movements and exercises as a part of your exercise routine to improve your condition.

Mental trauma also can play a key role in giving you a backache, the emotions also have the ability to manifest as pains throughout the body – especially back – hence, the involvement of psychotherapy can also help improve back pain.

Prevention Of Lower Back Pain

Here are the activities you can integrate into your lifestyle to greatly reduce the risk of ever getting into the clutches of backaches.

1.) Mind Your Posture: We generally ignore this part of life and sit or lie down in a way we feel like, these small abnormalities in sitting add up to chronic back problems.

2.) Do regular stretching: Not getting enough exercise can make the muscles of your core weak and hence expose them to chronic pain problems, so five minutes of activity is always preferred to sleepless nights with aching back.

3.) Spend Time with loved ones: Research has proven that spending time with people you love can have a tremendous impact on your mental health and as per mind-body connection, a healthy mind can bless you with a healthy body.

4.) Treat yourself with self-care: We generally forget to care for ourselves while handling the responsibility of everyone around us, try to treat yourself to a luxury bath or a massage session sometimes, it will be worth it in the end.

5.) Get a good night’s sleep: Sleep plays a key role in overall quality of life, hence giving your body ample time to rest is very vital, also choose a good quality mattress as that will play an important role in the quality of sleep you experience.

When To Call A Doctor

If your symptoms worsen, and the traditional methods are not able to provide you with relief, or your back pain is the result of some trauma or accident, it requires urgent medical attention. If you are from Hyderabad, We are here for you, be it an emergency or a normal check-up, we at Malla Reddy Narayana can provide you with expert care and the hassle-free treatment you deserve in the time of pain.