The most frequent skin condition among infants is diaper rash. In most cases, the diaper area’s wetness creates a moist environment that encourages bacterial growth. Although there are treatments, prevention is still the best option.
The rash is most prominent during monsoon season as the humid environment provides a perfect ground for bacterial growth. If the rash occurs in the perineum, it can be especially painful to the infant.
In most cases, the rash is mild or moderate at most. However, there are cases of it becoming severe. Hence, it is advised to opt for professional medical care to relieve the condition before it becomes worse.
What causes diaper rash?
– Leaving dirty or wet diapers on for too long: The skin of babies are delicate and are prone to rashes if exposed to wet or soiled diapers for prolonged periods. In addition, babies with diarrhea or frequent bowel movements are more susceptible to diaper rash.
– Friction or chafing: Rash-causing factors include clothing that rubs against the skin or tight diapers.
– Reaction to a baby product. A new brand of baby wipes, diapers, detergent, bleach, or fabric softener used to wash cloth diapers might cause a reaction on the baby’s skin. In case of a reaction using products like lotions, oil or powder can worsen the condition.
– Fungal or Yeast infection: Simple infections have the potential to spread to the nearby skin. Because it is warm and moist, the area covered by a diaper is vulnerable and serves as the ideal environment for the growth of germs and yeast. These rashes are most prominent on the crevices of the skin. Additionally, one could see crimson specks all over the wrinkles.
– Skin sensitivity: Diaper rash may be more likely to appear in infants with certain skin diseases, such as atopic dermatitis (eczema) or seborrheic dermatitis. In the case of atopic dermatitis, the rash is mostly observed in regions not covered by diapers.
– Antibiotics: Antibiotics eradicate the microorganisms that control yeast growth. However, they might cause rashes if they destroy the good bacteria that protect the skin. Diarrhea risk is also increased by antibiotic use. In addition, breastfed babies whose mothers use antibiotics are more likely to develop diaper rash.
What are the symptoms of diaper rash?
The key symptoms of diaper rash are
– Sores in the skin under the diaper
– Itchy red skin
– Skin getting inflamed along with the appearance of red spots
Method of treatment
If the child develops a diaper rash, keeping the affected area as dry and clean as possible is crucial. Changing dirty or damp diapers also reduces the amount of moisture on the skin.
Wipe down the diaper region with a gentle washcloth and water. It is also possible to utilize disposable diaper wipes. Avoid using wipes with fragrance and alcohol in them. One should use soap and water only if the stool does not come off easily. Use a squirt bottle of water to clean and cleanse the area if the rash is severe without rubbing.
Do not rub; instead, pat the surface dry. Let the area completely air dry.
Put a thick layer of cream or ointment on as protection. Usually thick, these ointments can be left on until the next time the baby’s diaper is changed. Keep in mind that vigorous rubbing or washing causes further skin damage.
Avoid making the diaper excessively tight, especially while sleeping. Instead, keep the diaper slack so that it does not brush against the skin as much when it is moist and dirty.
Method of prevention
– Change the diapers frequently: Immediately remove any filthy or wet diapers. Ask the staff to do the same if the child is in daycare. The effectiveness of disposable diapers with an absorbent gel is that it draws moisture away from the skin.
– Rinse the bottom with warm water: For this, one can make use of a tub, sink, or water bottle. Baby wipes, cotton balls, and moist washcloths can all help clean the skin. Be kind. Use wipes devoid of alcohol and smell. Mild soaps can also be used in place of wipes.
– Use a clean towel to gently pat the skin dry, or one can let it air dry. Avoid cleaning the baby’s bottom by scrubbing and applying talcum powder.
– Regularly apply cream, paste, or ointment: Apply a lotion, paste, or ointment during each diaper change if the kid frequently develops rashes. Many diaper rash products contain the time-tested components petroleum jelly and zinc oxide. Keep the product applied at the last diaper change in place, and add more on top if it is clean.
– Wash your hands thoroughly after changing diapers: By washing your hands frequently, you can stop germs or yeast from spreading to other regions of your baby’s body, to you, or other kids.
– Securely, but not too tightly, fasten diapers: Diaper rashes can be avoided using diapers that allow for airflow. However, too-tight diapers can rub the skin. Stop using tight-fitting or plastic diaper covers.