Important Health Issues Every Woman Should Know

By Malla Reddy Narayana on 22 Jun, 2023

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Every woman should be aware of important health issues that specifically affect them. While men and women may share some health problems, women have their own unique concerns that require attention. With the demands of daily life, it’s easy for women to neglect their health. However, being informed about women’s health conditions can lead to healthier lifestyle choices, disease prevention, longer life expectancy, and improved quality of life. In this blog, we will discuss six common health issues that affect millions of women each year.


Menstruation Problems

Many women experience issues with their menstrual cycles, including heavy or light periods, missed periods, and irregular periods. Menstrual cramps are also a common problem. Heavy menstrual bleeding refers to excessive blood loss of more than 80 ml or periods lasting longer than seven days. Approximately 9 to 14 out of 100 women experience heavy periods, which can interfere with daily life and potentially lead to iron deficiency anemia. It is important to consult a doctor if you have heavy menstrual bleeding to identify any underlying causes. Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is another common issue, affecting 47.8% of reproductive-age women worldwide. Symptoms of PMS include changes in appetite, weight gain, abdominal and back pain, headaches, breast swelling, nausea, constipation, anxiety, and mood swings. These symptoms typically occur a few days before menstruation begins. Additionally, polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is a rising concern among women. PCOS is a metabolic and endocrine disorder that can cause irregular menstrual periods, excess male hormone levels, and increased risks of obesity, type II diabetes, heart disease, infertility, and acne.


Fertility Issues

The fertility rate in India has significantly declined, and the infertility rate is higher in urban areas, affecting about 1 in 6 couples. Various factors can contribute to infertility in women, including PCOS, complications from contraception, abortion infections, sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), postpartum infections, pelvic inflammatory diseases, lifestyle factors such as smoking, alcohol consumption, processed food, and physical or emotional stress. Infertility can be treated depending on the underlying cause, and hormone tests like the follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) test may be recommended by your doctor.


Thyroid Problems

Thyroid disease is more prevalent in women, especially those of childbearing age (18-35 years). Hypothyroidism, characterized by low thyroid hormone levels and a slowed metabolism, is common among women. Symptoms include obesity and extreme fatigue. High thyroid hormone levels can also cause early onset of menopause before the age of 40 or in the early 40s. Pregnancy can lead to elevated thyroid hormone levels, and about 5% to 10% of women experience postpartum thyroiditis within one year after giving birth. Regular thyroid hormone testing is recommended for staying informed about your thyroid health.


Breast Cancer

The second-leading cause of cancer-related fatalities among women worldwide is breast cancer. Various risk factors, such as increasing age, family history, early onset of periods or menopause after the age of 55, and obesity, contribute to the development of breast cancer. Regular breast self-examinations and awareness of potential symptoms are crucial for early detection and treatment.


Sexual Health and Bladder Issues

Women should prioritize their sexual health and bladder health as they are more susceptible to sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) and urinary tract infections (UTIs). STDs can have severe implications for women, including infertility. UTIs are more common in women due to their shorter urethra, which allows bacteria to reach the bladder more easily. Women should maintain good personal hygiene and promptly seek medical attention for any concerns related to sexual health or bladder problems.



Emerging evidence suggests that women are more prone to experiencing anxiety and depression compared to men. Depression is the most common mental health problem for women, and suicide is a leading cause of death for women under the age of 60. Several factors contribute to depression, including hormonal fluctuations after pregnancy or around menopause, family history, marital problems, chronic illness, stressful life events, and a history of physical or sexual abuse. It is essential to seek treatment for depression, as it can significantly impact daily life. In addition to professional help, incorporating exercise and spending time with trusted individuals can also be beneficial.

By understanding and being aware of these important health issues, women can take proactive steps to maintain their well-being. 


Here are a few general tips that can help promote overall health:

Maintain a balanced and nutritious diet: Consume a variety of fruits, vegetables, whole grains, lean proteins, and healthy fats to provide your body with essential nutrients.

Stay physically active: Engage in regular exercise to improve cardiovascular health, maintain a healthy weight, and boost mood.

Prioritize self-care: Set aside time for relaxation, stress management techniques, and activities that bring you joy and fulfillment.

Practice safe sex: Use protection during sexual activity to prevent the transmission of STDs. Regularly get tested for STDs if you are sexually active or have multiple partners.

Pay attention to your mental health: Prioritize self-care, seek support from loved ones, and consider professional help if you experience persistent feelings of sadness, anxiety, or other mental health concerns.

Get regular check-ups and screenings: Visit your healthcare provider for routine check-ups, screenings, and preventive care. Regular breast exams, Pap smears, mammograms, and other screenings can help detect potential health issues early.

– Practice good hygiene: Maintain good personal hygiene to prevent infections and maintain bladder health. Properly clean and dry the genital area, and urinate before and after sexual intercourse to help flush out bacteria.

– Stay informed: Keep yourself updated on the latest information regarding women’s health issues through reliable sources such as healthcare professionals, reputable websites, and educational materials.


By being aware of these important health issues, women can take control of their well-being and make informed decisions about their healthcare. Regularly consult with healthcare professionals, ask questions, and prioritize self-care to lead a healthier and happier life.

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