Osteoarthritis: How your bones may be getting weaker every day and how to change it. When to consult a doctor
Osteoarthritis: How your bones may be getting weaker every day and how to change it. When to consult a doctor.

By Malla Reddy Narayana on 15 Jul, 2022

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Osteoarthritis, the most common joint disorder, often begins in the 40s and 50s and affects almost all people to some degree by age 80. Before the age of 40, men develop osteoarthritis more often than women, often because of injury or deformities. Many people have some evidence of osteoarthritis on x-rays (often by age 40), but only half of these people have symptoms. From age 40 to 70, women develop the disorder more often than men. After age 70, the disorder develops in both sexes equally.

The major risk factor for osteoarthritis of the knee comes from having an occupation that involves bending the joint. Curiously, long-distance running does not increase the risk of developing the disorder. However, once osteoarthritis develops, this type of exercise often makes the disorder worse. Obesity may be a major factor in the development of osteoarthritis, particularly in the knee and especially in women.

A number of lifestyle factors affect your risk of developing osteoarthritis. Making certain lifestyle changes can help you improve your joint health and prevent osteoarthritis. Low-impact exercise can improve joint health. Look for activities that include strength training and stretching in addition to aerobic exercise. Regular exercise can help slow down, or even prevent, osteoarthritis.

Excess weight is one of the biggest risk factors of osteoarthritis, as it puts extra stress on your joints, which can speed up the deterioration of joint cartilage. Overweight and obese individuals are at high risk of developing osteoarthritis. Losing weight can help reduce pain and improve symptoms.

According to studies, diabetes may be a significant risk factor for developing osteoarthritis. High glucose levels can speed up the formation of molecules that make cartilage stiff, and diabetes can also trigger inflammation that can accelerate cartilage loss. Keeping diabetes under control and regulating your glucose levels can help prevent osteoarthritis.

Although there is no cure for osteoarthritis, there are many ways to prevent it and relieve and manage its symptoms. Maintaining a healthy lifestyle with low-impact exercise, getting plenty of rest and enough sleep, and maintaining a healthy diet and weight are simple ways you can reduce and manage osteoarthritis symptoms so that you can live a healthy and fulfilling life.

Keep in mind that joint symptoms tend to come on gradually — not suddenly. But when the signs of osteoarthritis begin to limit your daily activities, it’s time to take action and call your doctor.

If any of these following joint symptoms last three days, or you experience several episodes of these symptoms within a month, then it’s time for you to go to the doctor and get checked out.

– Pain, tenderness or stiffness in one or more joints. Particularly first thing in the morning or after rest. 

– Joint pain is worse than usual. Particularly in hips, knees and lower back — after activity or at day’s end. 

– Swollen joints. Especially after extended activity. 

– Limited range of joint motion or stiffness that goes away after movement. 

– Difficulty moving a joint or doing common, daily activities. 

– Clicking or cracking sound when a joint bends.

Based on your condition, you and your doctors can develop a joint treatment plan to minimize your symptoms, help you preserve joint function, and improve your quality of life by enabling you to stay as active as possible.


FAQ’s

1. What is the main cause of Osteoarthritis?

The destruction of cartilage in your joints is the primary cause of osteoarthritis. The spine, fingers, thumbs, hips, knees, or big toes are the most common places for it to occur, yet it can develop in any joint. Older persons are more likely to get osteoarthritis.

2. What are the best treatment options for Osteoarthritis?

Osteoarthritis pain is commonly treated with over-the-counter NSAIDs, such as Ibuprofen and Naproxen Sodium, when used in the recommended dosages.

3. Does Osteoarthritis go away?

Although osteoarthritis cannot be cured, there are various techniques to avoid it as well as treat and manage its symptoms. Simple ways to lessen and manage osteoarthritis symptoms so that you can lead a long and meaningful life include keeping a healthy lifestyle with low-impact exercise, getting adequate rest and sleep, and maintaining a balanced diet and weight.

4. Does walking worsen Osteoarthritis?

Walking actually helps to relieve osteoarthritis pain, therefore pain shouldn’t be an excuse for not doing it. This is due to the increased blood flow to your joints while you are walking.

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