Vitamins are important compounds that play a very vital role in all metabolic activities. Vitamins, when incorrect proportions, bless one with robust immunity, strong bones, faster healing, sharp eyesight, and many more. Just as is the case with everything in the world, anything in excess is harmful, so is the case with Vitamins. Vitamins are broadly categorized into two types, viz Fat-soluble and water-soluble Vitamin B is a complex class of 8 important water-soluble vitamins, It’s common for people to take supplements for either a particular vitamin among the eight or all 8 as a whole. An overdose on any one of them or of the entire complex is serious and the severity can range from mild skin rash to Lung cancer. Let’s understand the risks associated with overdose of individual vitamins and then the complex as a whole.
Vitamin B in detail, and Results of Vitamin B Overdose
Just as you now know that Vitamin B is a class of 8 essential vitamins, let’s understand every vitamin in detail and its effects on overdose.
(1.) Vitamin B1: Also known as Thiamine, Vitamin B1 is an important vitamin responsible for maintaining the proper function of the nervous system and aiding the body to effectively break down carbohydrates. The cause of overdose of Vitamin B1 is through overconsumption of Thiamine supplements prescribed for patients with a low level of thiamine, beriberi, neuritis, and digestive and heart diseases.
The overdose of thiamine is rare, but its complications are very severe. Mild overdose of Vitamin B can cause problems like Headache, Upset stomach, and Weakness of the body. Acute overdose can cause symptoms like Cardiac arrhythmia i.e, irregular heartbeats, Hypotension, convolutions, a key symptom for thiamine overdose is lips turning blue.
The foods to avoid in case of overdose are Spinach, tuna, green peas, tomato, and mushrooms.
(2.) Vitamin B2: Also referred to as Riboflavin, Vitamin B2 acts as an antioxidant in the body, along with that, Healthy levels of vitamin B2 can bless one with healthy cells, effective metabolism, providing glowing skin, and healthy eyes.
An overdose of Vitamin B2 is also very rare and mostly happens due to overconsumption of medications like AZT, Tricyclic antidepressants, Doxorubicin, etc. The effects of an overdose of this vitamin constitute of Increase in urine frequency, allergy, diarrhea, breathing difficulty, and swollen face and tongue.
The food items to avoid in vitamin B2 overdose constitute Spinach, lettuce, organic eggs, swiss chard, etc.
(3.) Vitamin B3: Also called Niacin, is an integral vitamin. Almost everyone gets enough amount of this vitamin through daily food items like milk, meat and cereals hence the overdose is negligible from foods and yet again the remaining possibility of overdose turns our attention towards supplements like atorvastatin, tricyclic antidepressants, lovastatin, etc. The major use of supplements for Vitamin B3 is for people trying to control their high cholesterol.
Vitamin B3 overdose can cause complications like blurry vision, nausea and vomiting, abdominal pain and bloating, headache and nervousness. Very high overdose of vitamin B can cause liver damage, jaundice, and stomach ulcers. There’s also a typical side effect referred to as “Niacin Flush” which induces symptoms like burning, tingling, and itching sensation in the face and chest area along with severe dizziness.
Food to avoid in Vitamin B3 overdose is salmon, chicken, shrimp, and turkey.
(4.) Vitamin B5: Also called Pantothenic Acid. This vitamin acts as a coenzyme for energy-producing chemicals responsible for the effective absorption of carbohydrates and fats from the food we consume and also for the proper functioning of adrenal glands. It also helps the body to effectively make use of other vitamins of the B Complex like B2 and B6.
An overdose of vitamin B5 can cause severe diarrhea and calcification of arteries hence putting one at risk of developing serious cardiovascular problems.
Food items to avoid during a Vitamin B5 overdose are broccoli, winter squash, cauliflower, strawberries.
(5.) Vitamin B6: Also referred to as Pyridoxine, This vitamin is an important factor for maintaining the normal functioning of the nervous system, keeping the immune system healthy, and promoting brain development.
An overdose of this vitamin can cause complications like clumsiness, loss of muscle coordination, paralysis, abdominal pain, and liver problems. The most prominent symptoms of the overdose are swelling of lips, the throat of face, and throat.
Food to avoid in Vitamin B6 overdose is cabbage, cod, tuna, garlic, and bell pepper.
(6.) Vitamin B9: Also called Folic Acid, This vitamin is crucial in the formation of red blood cells and promoting healthy growth and functioning of cells, it also helps in ensuring a healthy nervous system and protects one from diseases like depression, dementia, and cancer.
An overdose of Vitamin B9 can cause problems like insomnia, malaise, irritability, seizures, and paralysis. Folic acid can also interfere with the working of other medications and hence rendering them useless. Hence the overdose of Vitamin B9 is very dangerous.
Food items to avoid in Vitamin B9 Overdose are Calf’s liver, kidney beans, avocado, beets, lentils, and broccoli.
(7.) Vitamin B12: Also known as Cobalamin, This vitamin is responsible for the proper functioning of nerve cells, production of DNA, cell metabolism, and formation.
An overdose of Vitamin B12 can cause complications like diarrhea, blood clots, severe allergic reactions, and an increased risk of prostate cancer.
Food items to avoid during an overdose of Vitamin B12 are lamb, eggs, shrimp, scallops, and sardines.
(8.)Vitamin B Complex: Vitamin B complex refers to the collection of all the individual Vitamins shown above, Vitamin B complex helps in the overall well-being of cells, provides good eyesight, healthy brain, good digestion, toned muscles, healthy cardiovascular and digestive system.
An overdose of Vitamin B complex usually occurs from the excessive consumption of supplements, The complications that one notices in case of an overdose are skin rashes, insomnia, gastrointestinal problem, Tingling and numbness, Extreme mood swings, and abnormal blood pressure levels.
We have now seen the complications of the overdose of Vitamin B, and also the benefits they can bestow upon us when taken in proper amount. Theirs is no need to fear as taking the prescribed dose of Vitamin will always be in your favor, The best one can do to avoid an overdose is always consulting a medical professional before consuming any supplement and always taking the prescribed dosage, rest everything will be fine!